Rebase a Tmux Session

April 8, 2021

Whatever directory you start a new Tmux session in, that’s the directory that will be used for each new window you create.

Tmux is the workhorse of my local development workflow. When I cd into a directory and start working outside a Tmux session, it feels like something is missing.

There’s always a need to get a new shell to check something or run a quick test. I open a bunch of windows: some permanent (which I usually name), most disposable.

example tmux session with named windows

The Problem

Once the session is started, the “start directory” is set and fixed.

If, in the middle of a session, I needed to focus on a subdirectory, or move elsewhere, I had several sub-optimal choices:

This had happened enough times to justify looking for a better way…

The Solution

Add this to your $HOME/.tmux.conf (here’s mine):

bind _ attach-session -t . -c '#{pane_current_path}'

(you might need to restart Tmux, or reload its config)

My prefix is ctrl-a, and this binds a command to the underscore: _. The pane_current_path is the $PWD of the window you are using when invoking the binding. You can do this from Tmux’s command mode too.

The underscore made sense to me, but feel free to customize the binding.


Being able to “re-use” my sessions has been very convenient. I don’t spend too much time thinking about “the best” directory to start a session from; I can always fix it later.

Discuss on Twitter